Judges Rules (some of them)


To enter the San Antonio Cactus and Xerophyte Society Show, the entrant must be a member of SACXS or, if a state show, a member of a recognized succulent society. Only those plants that fall under the classification of cacti or xerophytes may be entered in the competition or sold during the show. All other plants will be rejected and removed.


MISNAMED PLANTS· All plants will be accepted when taken to the registrar, however, plants with an incorrectly named genus will have five points deducted from the total plant score. Plants labeled with a previously acceptable synonym will be considered correctly named. The show committee members will make every effort to notify entrants if a plant Is incorrectly named, however, once judging has begun, plant names written on plant tags and entry cards cannot be altered. No more than one point may be deducted for an Incorrectly named or misspelled species I variety name. Plants incorrectly named and categorized will not be eligible for top awards.

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ENTRY SHEETS· All entry sheets must be filled out prior to competitors entering their plants.

PLANT TAGS· One plant tag must be filled out for each entry. They must be completely filled out before bringing your plants to the registrar. Plant tags and plants will be kept together. Do not separate perforated tag.

LABELING· Each plant must bear a plastic marker not smaller than 1 x 2 inches showing the correct botanical name. Any plant bearing an incorrect class number on the entry tag will have five points deducted from the naming section of the judges scorecard.

POSSESSION· All plants In the competition must have been in the possession of the owner I exhibitor for at least six months prior to the show.

NUMBER OF ENTRIES· A person may enter up to twenty entries. There will be a donation, paid to the registrar at time of entry, of $1.00 per plant for the individual entries.

AWARDS· Any plant that received a major award ( Horticultural Excellence, Best Cactus, or Best Xerophyte) at the previous year's show may be entered but will not be considered for a major award this year.

CONTAINERS· Please refer to each section of the schedule for size limitations. No container may exceed 18 inches in diameter.

PLACEMENT OF PLANTS· Plants and tags are to be given to the registrar. The entrant will place entries on the appropriate table for judging. All entries will be made on Wednesday. Times will be announced In the S.A.C.X.S. newsletter. Clear all exceptions through show manager.

 REMOVAL OF PLANTS· Exhibits cannot be removed from the display area until Saturday afternoon, times will be announced in the S.A.C.X.S. newsletter. All plants should be claimed through the registrar for your protection.

JUDGING -Judging will begin after 10:00 a.m. Thursday. Only judges, show chairman, show manager, judging chairman, registrars, and clerks will be permitted around the show plants until the judging is completed. Talking to judges during judging will not be allowed unless the judges request to speak to someone.

SHOW VIOLATIONS -Any participant knowingly violating show rules or interrupting the judges will automatically be disqualified. Any member or vendor violating the agreement with the Garden Center may be asked to leave and may be banned from next year's show. Lophophora willlamsii (peyote) may not be displayed, sold, or brought onto Garden Center grounds.

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Plants will not be judged against one another but will be judged on their own merit. There will be as many first, second, and third place prizes and other awards given as qualify for them. In other words any plant entered may receive a first, second, or third place prize ribbon. If only one plant Is entered in a class, that plant will be judged on Its own merits to determine if it should receive an award. Plants will be judged in three divisions.

Awards for : Horticultural Excellence; Best Cactus; Best Xerophyte: will be given to an outstanding specimen that has received a score of 98 or more. A special gift will be presented with this award, The plants receiving these awards will be selected by a secret ballot with at least 5 of the 6 judges agreeing on the same plant. An Award of Merit may be given to horticultural specimens scoring 98 or more. One or two awards may be awarded in each division, if merited, to a plant that has not already received a major award.

The Sweepstakes Award will be presented to the individual exhibitor winning the greatest number of blue ribbon points in all classes of Divisions I through III. In the event of a tie, the sweepstakes winner will be determined by considering the number of points awarded for red ribbons, and if there is still a tie, the points for white ribbons will be considered. A plaque and gift will be awarded to the first, second, and third place winners. The most common genus names are listed in each class, however, the list is not all inclusive. The list provides examples of plants belonging in each class.


CONDITION -70 % Cultural excellence of the plant should be emphasized with difficulty of culture allowed for.

STAGING -15 % The appropriate container, clean top dressing and grooming is emphasized.

MATURITY -10 % Points may be deducted if plant is not at its potential.

NOMENCLATURE -5 % The correctness of plant name and spelling is emphasized

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Class 1 Subfamily Pereskloideae Pereskia

Class 2 Subfamily Opuntioldeae Opuntia, Tephrocactus

Class 3 Subfamily Cereoideae : North American Columnar Cephalocereus, Lemalreocereus, Myrtlilocactus, Pachycereus, Penniocereus, Wllcoxia

Class 4 Subfamily Cereoideae: North American Globular Anclstrocactus, Ariocarpus, Astrophytum, Coryphantha, Echlnocereus, Echlnofossulocactus, Epithelantha, Escobarla, Ferocactus, Gymnocactus, Hamatocactus, Leuchtenbergla, Mammillaria, Neolloydla, Obegonia, Thelocactus, Turblnlcarpus

Class 5 Subfamily Cereoldeae : South American Columnar Azureocereus, Cereus, Clelstocactus, Espostoa, Oreocereus, Trichocereus

Class 6 Subfamily Cereoldeae : South American Globular Coplapoa, Discocactus, Echlnopsls, Gymnocalycium, Lobivia, Melocactus, Neochilenia, Neoporteria, Parodia, Rebutia, Sulcorebutla Oroya, Notocactus

Class 7 All Grafted Cacti

Class 8 Crested And Monstrose Cactus on own roots

Class 9 Other Cacti: All other species not previously listed including: Aporocactus, Epiphyllum, Rhipsalis, Selenicereus, etc.

Class 10 Cacti Miniature at Maturity: 6 Inches or less container.

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Class 11 Aizoaceae : The Mesembryanthemums Aloinopsls, Cheirldopsls, Conophytum, Dlnteranthus, Faucaria, Fenestraria, Dibbaeum, Lithops, Nananthus, Titanopsis, Trichodiadema

Class 12 Agavaceae Agave, Beaucarnea, Beshorneria, Calibanls, Dasylirlon, Dracaena, Fourcreae, Hesperaloe, Manfreda, Nolina, Polyanthes, Runyonia, Sansevieria, Yucca

Class 13 Amaryllidaceae Ammocharis, Boophane

Class 14 Anacardlaceae Pachycormis discolor only

Class 15 Apocynaceae Adenlum, Pachypodium

Class 16 Asclepiadaceae Brachystelma, Caralluma, Ceropegia, Cynanchum, Duvalla, Echldnopsis, Edlthcolea, Fockea, Hoodia, Huernia, Raphionacme, Stapella, Tavaresla, Trlchocaulon

Class 17 Bombacaceae Adansonia, Bombax, Ceiba, Chorlsla, Pseudobombax

Class 18 Bromellaceae Only the xerophytic members of the genera: Abromeltlella, Deuterochnla, Dykia, Hectla, Puya, Tlilandsia

Class 19 Burseraceae Bursera, Commiphora, Opereularla,

Class 20 Composltae Baeriopsis, Klelnla, Othonna, Senecio

Class 21 Convolvulaceae Ipomoea, Merremia, Turbina

Class 22 Crassulaceae Adromlschus, Aeonlum, Cotyledon, Crassula, Dudleya, Echeverla, Graptopetalum, Kalanchoe, Sedum, Sempervivum, Tylecodon

Class 23 Cucurbitaceae Corrallecarpus, Gerrardanthus, Glomerullflorus, Ibervillea, Kedrostls, Marah, Momordica, Neoalsomitra, Seyrlgla,

Class 24 Didieraceae ' Aluaudia, Alluaudiopsls, Decaryla, Dldierea Class 25 Dloscoreaceae Discorea

Class 26 Euphorblaceae All Euphorbia

Class 27 Euphorblaceae Jatropha, Monadenium, Synadenium, Pedilanthus

Class 28 Fouquieriaceae Fouquierla

Class 29 Geraniaceae Pelargonium, Sarcocaulon

Class 30 Lillaceae Aloe, Astroloba, Bowiea, Bulbine, Drimiopsis, Gasteria, Haworthia

Class 31 Moraceae Ficus, Dorstenla

Class 32 Passifloraceae Adenia only

Class 33 Portulacaceae Anacampseros, Cerarla, Lewisla, Portulaca, Portulacarla, Tallnum

Class 34 Vltaceae Clssus, Cyphostemma

Class 35 Zamalaceae Dioon, Encephalartos, Macrozamla, only.

Class 36 Grafted Xerophytes other than Cacti

Class 37 Cristate and Monstrose Xerophytes other than Cacti on own roots

Class 38 Xerophytes other than Cacti, Miniature at Maturity all pots 6 Inches or less

Class 39 Other Xerophytes Amoreuxla • wrlghtll Begonia· caffra, dregrllncana, kellermanil, suffrutlcosa Boussingaultla • gracilis Coleus • pentherl, virgatus Cyanotls • arachnoldeum Oxalis • carnosa, herreroe, peduncularis, sllliquosa Peperomia • asperula, columella, dolabriformis, nivalls, rauhil Petrodlscus Rechestelnerla I Sinningia Sesamothamnus Tradescantla • only T. brachyphylla and T. navlcularis Zamloculcas • zimilfolla All other genera not 'included In a previously listed class.

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Class 40  A novice will be considered to be anyone who has not entered a judged competition In the past. You may enter plants In this Division for two years, however, It need not be consecutive years. The judging for this award will follow all other rules and plants will be judged in the same manor as plants entered in Divisions I and II. A cash award of $30.00 will be awarded for first place with $20.00 awarded for second place and $10.00 awarded for third place. You must enter a minimum of 5 plants up to a maximum of 20 plants. The 5 highest scoring plants will have their points totaled to determine the winner. Only one novice award will be given per entrant. These plants will also be eligible for all major awards.

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Judges Rules (some of them)

1. judges should make every effort to be consistent in their scoring.

2. Point will be marked on score cards and placed with entry tags.

3. judges personal collections as well as plants observed in the field should not be discussed or compared with entries during Judging.

4. judges may make comments but will not participate In the scoring of their own plant.

5. If spines have been burned or notched out on a grafted plant stock, points will not be deducted unless It has damaged the stock or the stock is otherwise In poor condition.

6. If a plant is known to make a tree or large shrub, It will be considered mature if on foot tall , but points may be deducted if It is not at Its potential.

7. If a barrel type plant is known to reach six Inches or more In height and width but Is blooming or pupping It will be considered mature. However, points nay be deducted If It Is not at its potential.

8. Once a plant Is entered, It nay not be handled except by permission of the Show Chairman, Show Manager, or judges Chairman. If there Is any doubt by the judges as to whether a plant Is mature, the judges may ask a clerk to rotate the pot In order to check for pups, branching or blooms.

9. The level of top dressing should not be below 1/2 inch from the top of the container. Mounding of top dressing will be discouraged.

10. Stakes may be used discreetly for support of the plant only. Any supports should compliment the plant and may be maid of metal, wood, bamboo, or stone. Points will be counted off in Divisions I through III If any foreign objects other than top dressing or stakes are used.

11. No points will be deducted for a plastic pot that is clean, in good condition, and in tasteful proportions to the plant it contains.

12. No points will be deducted for dead flowers that can not easily be removed.

13. Not more than three staging points will be deducted for salt or lime rings if the pot is otherwise clean.

14. Major awards will be selected by the entire judging panel by secret ballot with at least 5 of the 6 judges agreeing on the same plant.

15. When to plants are equally grown and harmoniously and Immaculately staged, the fact that one plant is much rarer than the other would weigh heavily in its favor, but a well grown common plant Is always superior to a mediocre rarity.

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